Presentsimpletense Form Positive statement: Iplay,Heplays Negative statement: Idonotplay(Idon’tplay), Hedoesnotplay(Hedoesn’tplay) Question form: Doyouplay?Doesheplay? Negative question: Doyounotplay?(Don’tyouplay?) Does he not play?(Doesn’theplay?)
The passive voice: Thegameisplayed. Thelettersarewritten. (See more at Active and passive voice.)
Spelling We only use -s ending (plays) in the third person singular. We add -es to the verbs that end in ss, sh, ch, x and o: misses, finishes, watches, mixes, goes. If the verb ends in a consonant and -y, we change -y into -i and use the -es ending: carry – carries, try -tries. But: play – plays, because this verb ends with a vowel and -y. The auxiliary verb do is not used to make questions and negative statements with modal verbs and the verb tobe. Areyouastudent? IsheinLondon? Iamnotathome. Heisnothappy. Canyousing? MustIcome? Icannotswim. Hemustn’tstay. If the wh- pronoun introducing the question (who, which) is the subject of the question, we do not use the auxiliary verb do.
Compare the following sentences. Whoknowsyou? (who is the subject) Whichcarsbelongtoyou? (whichcars is the subject) But: Whodoyouknow? (who is the object) The negative question normally expresses a surprise. Doesn’thework?
Use 1. We use the presentsimpletense for activities that happen again and again (everyday, sometimes, ever, never). Isometimesgotoschoolbybike.Youdon’tspeakGreek.Dotheygetupearly?Heoftentravels.Shedoesn’twork.Doessheeverhelpyou? 2. We use it for facts that are always true. Ourplanetmovesroundthesun.Lionseatmeat. 3. With a future time expression (tomorrow, next week) the present simple is used for planned future actions (timetables). Thetrainleavesat8.15.Theyreturntonight.