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The Indefinite Articles A and AN are part of basic English.
If you are a beginner, you will find this video helpful.
difference of “a” and “an”
You can use “a”
and “an” for all genders in the singular.
If you have
to use “a” and “an”, depends on the sound the word begins with.
If the first
sound is a consonant you have to use a.
If the first
sound is a vowel you have to use an.
an ice cream
an hour –
because the first letter is silent and the word starts with an au-sound.
a uniform, a
university – because the first letter starts with a ju-sound.
Use of the
indefinite article “a” and “an”
1. We can
use a and an before countable nouns:
fast car. My aunt has got a big house.
2. We often
use a and an to tell what someone/something is and what someone/something is like
in the singular:
A hamster is
an animal. Sarah is a very smart girl. Her dad is a mechanic.
is an English writer. Lisa has got a small nose.
3. We use “a”
and “an” if the listener doesn’t know which thing we mean:
down on a sofa. (we don’t know which sofa)
Do you have
a bike? (it’s not a particular bike)
4. We use a
and an before phrases of time and measurements:
We can do
these exercises in an hour. The mangos are $3.50 a kilo.
neighbours go on holidays three times a year.
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