DO versus MAKE
If you have a hard time deciding whether to use MAKE or DO in a certain context, here are some ground rules which will help you correctly and naturally opt for each of them.
- is used when referring to general activities (usually associated with everything, something, anything, nothing)
He’d rather do everything by himself.
Is there anything for me to do? I want to be of help.
- is used when talking about one’s work (jobs, duties, tasks)
Have the children done their homework?
- especially in informal English, in order to substitute a verb with obvious meaning
I’ll do (clean) the house if you do (sweep) the yard.
Will you please (wash) do the dishes tonight?
- is also used as an auxiliary verb
- is used with food and drinks
I love making breakfast/lunch/dinner for my family.
While you are catching your breath, I’ll make some coffee and then we’ll talk it over.
- is used when creating, producing, constructing, building
Bread is made by baking from a dough of flour and water.
This tutorial will show how jewellery is made. This necklace is made of gold.
The blouse is made in Romania.
- in order to cause / produce a (re)action
A good joke will make everyone laugh and ease the tension.
Chopping an onion will make you release tears / will make your eyes water.
- is used when describing/referring to actions one chooses to do
- is associated with certain nouns referring to arrangements, plans, decisions
We’ve made arrangements to facilitate our common work, by supporting each other.
- is used with nouns referring to speech and various sounds
Please don’t make any noise, lest you wake up the baby.
To be continued in the next post with a useful list of collocations.